For some, having an aquarium in their home or office is a fashion trend, for others, it is a vibrant accent to their décor, for others still it is a stress-relieving tool, and for many also it is an opportunity to furnish a small corner of the animal kingdom with exotic creatures. The choice of your future aquarium is determined by the goals that you personally seek to achieve.
When selecting an aquarium, keep these two important guidelines in mind:
- Because the area occupied by the water surface grows in proportion to the difference between its length and height in favor of the first, a greater volume of oxygen is introduced into the water as a result of the greater difference between its length and height.
- It is more difficult to care for an aquarium with a smaller volume because the artificial ecosystem is more unstable in a smaller fish tank volume.
The volume of the aquarium
The volume of the vessel is measured at the very beginning of the process. It is preferable that the volume does not fall below 50 liters, as maintaining a balance at smaller volumes will be difficult. Pay attention to the anticipated number of fish as well. Water will be needed at least 5 liters for a small fish such as barbs or xiphophorus. As a result, 8 xiphophorus and 2 catfish can be contained within a 50-liter jar. Remember to consider the fish’s natural environment when choosing a species. A high aquarium is better suited for the inhabitants of the water column, while a low but long vessel is better suited as a “home” for top swimmers or bottom catfish.
The Shape of an Aquarium
The second point to mention is the shape of the aquarium that you choose. It can be made of ordinary straight glass, cylindrical glass, spherical glass, and so on. The shape of the aquarium has a direct impact on the type of glass that is used in its construction. Straight glass vessels are typically made of silicate glass, while curved glass vessels are typically made of acrylic glass. Each of these materials has its own set of advantages and disadvantages, which must all be considered in the decision-making process.
Also, take into consideration the location where the aquarium will be installed. A plexiglass aquarium is preferable if you intend to place the aquarium in the children’s room or at school. A vessel with illuminated glass will be an excellent choice if it will be displayed in an exclusive restaurant or the lobby of a fashionable hotel.
Furnishings for an Aquarium
The next step is to purchase furniture. You should plan ahead of time for the surface on which the aquarium will be installed. As a support, a pedestal is typically used, and in addition to its primary function as a support for a vessel and a protective structure for equipment, it also serves as a decorative element and as a component of the interior design. Because the mass of the filled aquarium with all of the equipment will be substantial, the base material beneath it must be extremely strong, dependable, and stable in order to support it.
If you decide to go with the aquarium option, knowledgeable specialists will advise you on the most appropriate configurations for your aquarium. It is possible to purchase an aquarium that comes pre-assembled with a pedestal in a store. In spite of this, factory furniture is not always attractive and successfully complements the interior, which is due to the general trend among manufacturers to reduce the overall cost of a product by any means necessary. As a result, factory cabinets are frequently very straightforward and functional.
Attention should be paid to the additional devices that guarantee the vital activity of the inhabitants of the aquarium in order to maintain the necessary living conditions for the fish.
To begin, select the soil type, which can be either fine gravel or coarse sand depending on your preference. Then, depending on the type of fish you intend to have as inhabitants in your underwater kingdom, select appropriate plants that, if necessary, can serve as a shelter for live-bearing fish or as a shelter for cichlids, among other things.
Equipment for an aquarium
The underwater world of today is more than just a vessel in which fish can swim. This is a warm and welcoming home for water residents, where you should feel at ease and at ease with yourself. The aquarium should be outfitted with all of the necessary equipment in order to provide suitable living conditions. All of the aquarium equipment can be found in a special section of our website dedicated to aquariums.
Lighting is one of the most important considerations when it comes to creating a favorable environment for plants and fish. It is not recommended to place the aquarium on a windowsill or in another location where it will be exposed to direct sunlight. Previously, this method was used to solve the problem of inadequate lighting; however, when direct sunlight strikes the vessel, the algae on the glass begins to grow rapidly. Because of the introduction of fluorescent lamps and lighting devices of a new generation, the issue of lighting the aquarium has been resolved in favor of the beauty, attractiveness of the underwater kingdom, and ease of maintenance.
In a standard aquarium, it is sufficient to install two fluorescent lamps all along the entire length of the aquarium’s diameter. The installation of a lamp in the red part of the spectrum in conjunction with the use of a daylight lamp is the most beneficial combination. All of the aquarium’s lighting devices are typically mounted on the aquarium’s lid.
The filter serves two critical functions in the aquarium: first, it removes waste from the aquarium.
- Water treatment (filtration)
- includes the addition of oxygen to the water (creation of the necessary flow).
Despite the fact that they are well-suited for small aquariums, the ventilation in them is rather unreliable, as even the slightest clogging of the washcloth causes the power of the device to decrease, and ventilation is reduced to zero. external-suitable for small aquariums, ventilation in them is rather unreliable, as the power of the device decreases and ventilation is reduced to zero.
Compared to internals, externals have a larger volume of filter materials and are distinguished by their high productivity and high-quality fillers.
Aside from that, if the question of money is not a consideration, an external filtration system with different filter materials separated from one another in baskets (cans) will be the most appropriate solution. Such a system is simple to maintain because it only needs to be cleaned and washed on a very infrequent basis, which is ideal for the modern, busy aquarist.
Another important point to note is that, because the external filter is located outside the aquarium, it does not detract from the overall appearance of the aquarium.
A heater is an equally important piece of aquarium equipment, one that cannot be overlooked when putting together a marine aquarium setup. The optimal water temperature for most tropical fish is higher than the room temperature in our latitudes, which prevents them from reaching the required indicators of heat stress and death.
When selecting a heater, two considerations should be taken into account:
- Power (10 watts are required per 5 liters of water)
- the presence of a thermostat is an important consideration.
It is preferable to equip a large aquarium with a number of low-power heating devices that allow the water to be heated uniformly throughout.
The heater should be installed closer to the floor and closer to the rear wall, where the water will circulate more effectively and efficiently. This ensures that the water is heated evenly throughout. As a result, if you decide to place such aquarium equipment in a corner, the heat will not be able to circulate effectively to the other side of the tank.
If you don’t want the aesthetics of the underwater kingdom to be compromised, you can conceal the heater behind tall plants that are planted along the aquarium’s perimeter wall.
If the floor is covered with fine soil, heating devices in the form of a heat wire laid at the bottom of the floor should be utilized. This will be a great aid to plant growth, and warm water will rise to the surface, preventing it from becoming stagnant in the soil.