Tiger barb male or female
First of all, it should be noted that the determination of the sex of the tiger barb is not an easy task, especially for non — professionals.
The fish reach sexual maturity on average 6-12 months. But the primary differences between men and women can be observed as early as 3 months. At this age, the color of the males becomes lighter, and some species have peculiarities (for example, the color of the fins or tail).
Later, the fish begin to differentiate in size and behavior. The most pronounced differences are at the time of puberty. Then the females can be recognized by their rounded belly and calmer behavior. Male representatives often play or fight among themselves and also show signs of attention to “ladies”.
Consider the characteristics of sexual characteristics in different types of tiger barb.
The main difference between tiger barb male or female
In the Sumatra variety
- males are smaller and have a flatter body.
- Females have a rounded belly, which is particularly noticeable on the eve of spawning.
- Men are brighter than women. Their nose, the border of the dorsal, and anal fins as well as the edges of the tail are colored red, which becomes even more intense by spawning.
- Male fish are more active, arranging fights among themselves. If the aquarium contains smaller representatives of other species, males can show aggression. Barbs often bite off the fins of other fish.
Barbus the mutant
This fish is a direct “relative” of the Sumatran Barbus, so their sexual characteristics are about the same:
- Females are larger and have a bulging belly.
- Men are more expressive in color. Their scales shimmer light green, but during spawning, the nose gets a red color.
- Males are more aggressive, like to fight with each other, although for them it is more of a game than a real fight.
Sexual characteristics are shown to spawning. This happens in about 4 months when the fish becomes 3 cm long.
- Females are larger and have a rounded belly.
- Males are lighter, their black stripes merge during spawning, and the front part of the body is colored ruby red. In women, however, the stripes become more pronounced.
- Men of the black Barbus can arrange demonstration performances in front of the “ladies”: they fight, push, bite. This behavior only aims to attract the attention of the opposite sex. As soon as the female swims away, the clubs calm down immediately.
Females greater than men have a pronounced belly.
Men have a red color that becomes bright cherry during spawning and excitement. Females are paler and have a cream belly.
For men, the rivalry is characteristic, expressed by dancing in front of a competitor. There are usually no real fights.
And the tendency of fish to sort things out is used by fishkeepers because, in such moments, cherry barb gets a particularly bright color.
Sexual dimorphism in this species is very weak. It should also be taken into account that in the entire history of fish farming there have been few cases of their successful reproduction in the aquarium. Normally this is only possible for professionals in special kindergartens.
However, small gender differences can be observed in Denison barbs:
- Females are slightly larger than males; on the eve of spawning, their abdomen is noticeably rounded.
- Females are more modestly colored, but 1-2 weeks before spawning they have a so-called “Mating outfit”. A yellow spot with blurred edges appears on the anal fin. A week later, a black spot similar to an eye appears.
- Males can be aggressive towards smaller fish. This can be avoided if you keep 6-10 Barbusse in an aquarium. In nature, fish always keep a flock, so you can feel calmer and more confident.
- Sometimes males can show rivalry with each other, but it is expressed rather weakly. Once the leader of the pack is established, the fish become calm and peaceful again.
Thus, the secondary sexual characteristics of barbs are not clearly expressed. But with this information, everyone can distinguish women from men by size, color, and behavior.
Tiger barb (Barbus tetrazona)
Tiger barb (Barbus tetrazona) in nature lives in reservoirs of Southeast Asia and Indonesia, belongs to the family Cyprinidae. In 1935, the fish was introduced to Europe for the first time.
Tiger barb male or female are sociable, mobile, and very peaceful fish. Due to their small size, mobility in movement, and beautiful color, these fish are considered one of the most interesting inhabitants of the local aquarium.
The tiger barb has a high body and is strongly compressed laterally. These fish have no whiskers. The fish has a gold-pink color, its back is slightly darker, with a reddish hue and the belly is yellowish-white. The sides are decorated with four vertical black stripes. The number of stripes distinguishes it from the Barbus pentazona, which has five such stripes. The first stripe runs in the eye area, the second in the area of the pectoral fin, the third is behind the dorsal fin and the fourth is in the area of the caudal fin. This species has a black dorsal fin with a bright red margin. All other fins are red or pink.
Females are larger than males and have a fuller belly. Males have a lighter color, red fins have a more saturated color. Individuals living in the natural environment have faded in contrast to aquarium relatives. The fish sold today were obtained in the process of aquarium breeding and obtained a lighter color through long-term selection.
Fish in the aquarium are always kept in flocks and do not swim to the water surface. The aquarium for keeping these fish should contain at least 50 liters of water and is very densely planted with vegetation but has open areas for swimming. It is necessary to use a dark bottom, otherwise, the fish will get a pale color.
A herd of 5-10 individuals can be kept with other peaceful fish that can stand up for themselves. It is noted that in a small number of tiger barb male or female (two or three fish) sometimes show strong aggression, both in relation to other inhabitants of the aquarium and in relation to each other.
The care of tiger barb with other fish of the Islands of Borneo and Sumatra – Clown loach (Botia macracanthus), which have a similar color, is particularly beautiful, they are combined in the aquarium very.
Representatives of this species are not predators, but when other fish appear in the aquarium where they are kept, they swallow them immediately. They do not rest until all the roasts are caught.
Victims can also be veiled fish forms and sedentary fish that sometimes bite the fin tips. It should be borne in mind that moving tiger barb very actively in the aquarium can cause stress and discomfort in residents who are less active.
Keeping Sumatra barbs in the aquarium should be the same as the hottest water aquarium fish. You do not need special water parameters, but the water in the aquarium should be filtered regularly (about ¼ of the total volume once a week). The optimal water t 23-28°C, dH 5-15°, ph 6.5-7 values. When planting an aquarium, it is better to choose small-leaved plants (Myriophyllum, Cabomba), but also other plants are used.
The water in the aquarium should be sufficiently well saturated with oxygen, you should regularly replace part of the water with water of the same temperature. Usually, 25% of water is replaced per week. This process has a positive effect on fish.
Tiger barb is omnivorous and very fond of artificial and live food, which is the cause for overeating and obesity, which is why these fish often die. To avoid this, you need to carefully monitor the amount of food and remember that it is better to underfeed the fish somewhat than to overfeed. Your diet should include foods of plant origin, for example, nettle, lettuce, and algae.
Under good holding conditions, especially after changing a part of the water, the fish are very fast. Sometimes, however, the barb is hidden in a dark corner of the aquarium and cannot change its position or move for several hours. This behavior is considered normal for these fish and does not require worry.
Men are more belligerent and sometimes fight with each other in the presence of women. After you have pumped up your fins, try to push the opponent with the side surface of the trunk, grab him by the jaw or pinch him. As a rule, this does not cause any noticeable damage and the fish live peacefully in the pack again.
This species lives up to 5 years in aquariums. After reaching 5-9 months, reproduction becomes possible.
Barb spawning can begin at any time of the year. Males and females should be kept separate for about a month before spawning. The temperature of the contents should be between 22 and 24 degrees. Feeding during this time should be varied, it may be low-fat live food (Daphnia, mosquito larvae, bloodworm, glassworm).
Be sure to add herbal supplements to the diet to prevent obesity. Spawning can be paired or sociable. The water volume in the spawning area should be at least 10 liters, without considering the soil. To prevent producers from eating caviar, a separating net is placed on the floor. Java Moss and other synthetic fibers are often used as a substrate.
Tiger barb male or female reproduction.
It is unacceptable to keep snails in the spawning area. Water from the main aquarium should be used for spawning. To encourage spawning, the temperature can be raised to 28 degrees and distilled water added. Fish that are in the spawning area are not fed. The female lays up to 600 eggs. When spawning is over, the producers need to be deposited and replace 1/3 of the water with fresh water.
To avoid the development of fungi on eggs, the water must be tinted with methylene blue. Caviar development continues for 1-2 days. Already on 3-4 days the frying pan can swim and feed on infusoria as well as”living dust”. When you are one month old, you get the same color as adults.
As a result of the selection, tiger barb male or female were given a variety of color variations. Very popular “barbs mutants” or” mossy barbs”. These fish have very wide transverse stripes of an emerald green hue. These bands are so wide that they cover almost the entire surface of the body. Mossy barbs breed with offspring, 75% of which are similar to their parents, and 25% – have a normal color.
Albinos are distinguished from ordinary individuals by their pink body, which is covered with pink-red stripes. This is a pretty rare color. Two albinos very rarely produce offspring, and crossing with a common Barbus gives only 25% of the desired fry color. The color of the tiger barb can be caused by a mutation due to the effects of ultraviolet rays on the eggs or by a strong change in the water parameters in the spawning area (hardness, temperature, PH). Mutants and albinos that are bred as a result of breeding are weaker and more demanding for prison conditions. Sometimes you will find among albinos persons without gill covers.