Saltwater fish species with fantastic colors and names.

Saltwater fish species with fantastic colors and names.

There are fish with a fancy color, and there are some with fantastic names. We will tell you about the underwater inhabitants, who were named like animals and who are quite capable of turning an aquarium into a menagerie.

Crown squirrelfish (Sargocentron diadema)

The animal name of the fish is due to the huge, looking like a squirrel, eyes. Although, to be honest, because of the striped color, he looks more like a red zebra. In its natural habitat, it grows up to 17 cm, but in the aquarium, its size rarely exceeds 10 cm.

Squirrels live individually or in small groups. They do not like bright light, so during the day, they prefer to hide in caves and crevices, collecting small crustaceans there. When there is not enough shelter, conflicts between individuals arise again and again. For the establishment of shelter facilities, it is also allowed to use artificial decorations in the design of the aquarium. But the most suitable are living stones.

Crown squirrelfish at Planet Earth Aquarium Mysore

At night, the fish are more active. They swim on relatively shallow areas of the sandy bottom, hunting small crayfish, polychaetes, and mollusks. In captivity, they willingly accept a menu of chopped shrimp, squid, mussels, and fish fillets. It is desirable to arrange the feeding process in such a way that the feed particles remain in the water column for as long as possible. It is not very pleasant for them to eat from the ground. Since the fish are nocturnal at least during the acclimatization period, they must be fed in the dark by turning off or dimming the light in the aquarium.

Squirrels adapt well to life in captivity and get sick little. The red color is rare among tropical fish, so the unpretentious Sargocentron Diadema often helps out if you want to create a full-color palette in a marine aquarium. However, for their care, you will most likely have to use the service of making fish tanks, because even for a small swarm you will need an underwater house of at least 400 liters.

Please note that the species is not suitable for reef aquariums, since squirrels pose a serious threat to small invertebrates. But at the same time, they get along well with large peaceful fish.

The nature of the soil does not matter to squirrels. The optimum ambient temperature is 22-24 degrees.

Foxface rabbitfish

Foxface rabbitfish will be a real decoration of the reef aquarium. His elongated face really resembles a fox. He gets along well with other types of non-aggressive fish. In captivity, it grows up to 20 cm.

Bright yellow Foxface rabbitfish are diurnal. And although in their natural habitat they mainly eat plant food, in captivity they should also be offered pieces of shrimp and mussels. The problem may be the gluttony of the species. Often, the fish distribute pieces of uneaten food throughout the basin, thereby increasing the requirements for the performance of the filtration system. Feed them at least twice a day, otherwise, you can say goodbye to your corals: hungry foxes will begin to satisfy their hunger by eating up the reef.

The young swim in shoals, the adults form pairs or become loners. They love to control their possessions, so for a couple of individuals, they need an aquarium of at least 200 liters, as well as a lot of living stones as a shelter. If you neglect these conditions, prepare for conflicts over ownership.

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In the wide dorsal and anal fins of foxes there are prickly rays of poison, so their stings are quite painful. That is, you need to be careful with this species. The fish are not the most capricious, but they do not multiply in captivity. The recommended water temperature is 24-27 degrees.

Bluespine unicornfish (Naso unicornis)

One look at this fish is enough to understand why it deserves such a name. The horn is well pronounced in adult animals but does not protrude beyond the end of the muzzle. In young unicorns/rhinos, only a small pointed protrusion can be seen.

Rhinos prefer to gather in large flocks. They lead a diurnal way of life. They feed mainly on brown algae, but can also feed on small invertebrates. That is, in the vegetable food it is still worth mixing the meat of shrimp, squid, and mussels. They prefer to eat 2-3 meals a day. They do not show aggression to their neighbors in the aquarium and also cope with large predators.

The unicornfish feels very comfortable in captivity and often becomes an aquarium centenarian. But since this is a large fish (up to 60 cm), it needs not just a large, but a huge underwater house – at least 1500 liters. This means that this species is mainly intended for reef aquariums and not for ordinary home aquariums. If you force a rhinoceros to live in a cramped environment, it is unlikely that it will be able to grow its pride – the horn. Open areas should alternate with algae-covered living rocks. Intensive lighting is required. Good filtering and aeration of water is also important. The temperature ranges from 26 to 29 degrees.

Zebra mbuna (Pseudotropheus zebra)

Zebra mbuna (Pseudotropheus zebra)

White with black stripes or black with white stripes? If it is not a zebra mammal, but a pseudotropheus zebra from the cichlid family, then the answer is not in doubt. The body of the fish is crossed by 7 to 9 strips. The species can have up to 50 color variants. In some cases, the male and female may have different colors (for example, the male is blue, and the female is orange-red). The color of zebras can vary depending on age, health, and living conditions. The average size of an individual is about 15 cm.

The zebra is not a friendly fish. It is very territorial. There is a strict hierarchy between males. In doing so, they can be kept not only in the species but also in a common basin, for example, with other cichlids. As a rule, one male and several females are settled in the aquarium. Pseudotropheus forms pairs exclusively for the spawning period.

Aquarium for zebra will need a volume of 150 liters. It is desirable that it has large stones protruding above the surface of the water and overgrown with algae. It is also important to have caves and other shelters. The fish likes warm water from 24 to 28 degrees. It is recommended to use strong filtering and aeration, changing up to 30% of the water weekly.

The diet of the zebra consists of 60% of plants (cabbage, nettle, sweet pepper, lettuce). But the fish will not be satisfied with a side dish. She also needs animal food. Otherwise, the color will fade.

Combtooth blenny (Blennidae)

If you are sure that a dog is a friend of man, but you are not ready to go for a walk with a four-legged friend twice a day, get a dog in… an aquarium! However, the volume of the tank for such a pet should not be less than 100 liters.

Blennidae are not just one species, but a whole family of scaleless fish covered with protective mucus, which includes more than 300 species. They are natural hunters. They dig into the sandy soil, lay ambushes, and are even able to move on land with low jumps.

Depending on the species, the diet of seals is very diverse. Some feed exclusively on plankton, others on algae and crustaceans. There are also those that look like shiners, picking up parasites from the skin of fish. Under the pretext of doing useful work, they sneak up on the victim. But instead of helping, they bite off the fins and sometimes even tear out pieces of meat.

They are intended exclusively for use in the sea (including reef).) aquarium. They are not too large, quite peaceful and modest, because they are suitable even for aquarium beginners. As for food, they are not picky: they can be fed with frozen fish food and even special dry flakes. They are prone to disease, but quickly and easily cope with it. They prefer well-filtered water and medium to strong lighting. In captivity, spawning is extremely rare.