By its color, the fire barbus is very similar to goldfish, but the latter strongly lose to this species in activity. Fish are perfect for lovers to watch the moving bright inhabitants in the aquarium.
|Scientific name||Pethia conchonius|
|Common names||rosy barb, red barb|
|Natural range||east and northeast of India|
|Size||7 cm - 10 cm or 2.7 - 4 inch|
|Tank size||80 L for flock or 20 gallons|
|Life span||5 years|
|Temperature||18-26 ° C or 64-78°F
|Color||varies from bright orange to pale pink|
|Food||insect larvae, worms, and mollusks / dry food|
|Breeding||very simple / better use separate aquarium|
|Temperament||very active / peaceful / better keep in flock|
|Maturity||age of 6-8 months|
|Eggs||eggs hatch 1-2 days / about 200-600 eggs|
Rosy barb (Puntius conchonius), also known as red or pink barbus – a popular aquarium fish from the Carp family. It is one of the most beautiful barbs. Its scales are cast in gold, so the ever-flocking flock of these fish looks extremely impressive. Add to this the peace-loving character and good stamina – and get the perfect fish for aquarists with any level of training.
The species was first described in 1822 by the Scottish scientist Francis Hamilton, but only entered the aquariums of amateurs at the beginning of the 20th century.
Unlike many barbs, this species lives in the relatively cool water of 18-22 ° C. The color of individuals may vary depending on the geographical region in whose territory the fish lives. For example, the fish that live in West Bengal is considered the brightest and most attractive. Currently, fire barbs are no longer caught in nature but are bred on special farms, fish spawning is quite simple. Forces of breeders obtained several variations that differ in color intensity and fins length.
It is known that the Rosy barbs can interbreed with closely related species: the Barbus stoliczkana, black and scarlet.
The Rosy barb has an oval body, elongated and flattened from the sides, adapted for rapid swimming. The head is pointed, antennae absent. In aquariums, the size usually does not exceed 7 cm, although natural individuals can grow up to 10-15 cm.
Body color varies from bright orange to pale pink, depending on the variety. Males have a back with a greenish tint. The fins are red, often with a black border. At the base of the bifurcated caudal fin is a dark spot. There is a veiled form with highly developed fins.
The life expectancy of a Rosy barb in an aquarium is about 5 years.
Rosy barbs inhabit a fairly wide area in the east and northeast of India. Also, fish can be found in Pakistan, Bangladesh, Nepal, Afghanistan. A barb has taken root well in some countries where it was artificially imported – Singapore, Australia, Mexico, Puerto Rico, and Colombia.
Living conditions vary greatly across geographic regions. The fire barb can be found both in slowly flowing and almost standing reservoirs and in fast streams and tributaries of rivers.
Care and maintenance
Rosy barb is a moving flock of fish, this must be taken into account when planning an aquarium. It is best if the number of individuals in the group is at least 8 pieces. It is noted that when kept outside the flock, the level of aggression even in such peaceful fish increases markedly.
For a flock of barbs, an aquarium with a volume of 80 liters or more is suitable. There should be a lid on it because accelerated barbs easily jump to the floor. Swim in all layers of water.
They do not have any special requirements for decoration, but they look best with natural decorations. At the bottom, you can place sand or dark fine soil. It is recommended to install several snags and stones, and plant thick thickets of aquarium plants along the walls. You can use any kind of fish, green spaces are practically not interested. Do not forget to leave this active mind a place for swimming. The Rosy barbs love subdued light, so it will not be superfluous to start floating plants (Water lettuce, Riccia) on the surface of the water.
The aquarium must be equipped with a filter. Barbuses like a moderate course, which in turn stimulates the bright color of males. A compressor is installed to enrich the water with oxygen, but a temperature regulator may not be needed, because fish prefer a water temperature of about 20 ° C. More often the question arises of cooling water in the summer.
We must not forget about the weekly change of water – 30% of the volume of the aquarium.
The optimal water parameters for the content are: T = 18-26 ° C, pH = 6.5-7.5, GH = 8-18.
Rosy barb is a peace-loving fish, but very active. It is important to remember: in a general aquarium, they must be kept in a flock, while barbs will not pay attention to other species.
As neighbors, fish with a similar temperament is best suited: other types of barbs, mollies, Rainbowfish, dwarf cichlids. Calm fish belong to catfish ancistrus, Cory catfish, Megalechis thoracata.
It is not recommended to keep Rosy barb with fish that have long fins, barbs can bite them. Therefore, in one aquarium it is better not to contain them together with Trichogaster, Dwarf gourami, Siamese fighting fish, and goldfish.
Dangerous barbs are represented by large predatory cichlids (Aequidens, Oscar), therefore, it is also impossible to combine such fish.
Feeding the fire barb
The basis of fish nutrition in nature is invertebrates. The Rosy barb is happy to feast on insect larvae, worms, and mollusks. The diet includes tender twigs of aquatic plants.
When kept in home aquariums, it is recommended to opt for high-quality dry food. Unlike live or frozen, they contain the necessary nutrients and vitamins and are completely safe for fish. An important plus is the convenience of storage. The following dry foods are perfect for feeding the barbecue fire:
TetraPro Color – innovative chips made with gentle low-temperature technology, which allows you to save even more nutrients in the feed. They contain a concentrate of natural color enhancers to make your pets even brighter. Due to the high digestibility of the feed with regular feeding, the content of nitrates and phosphates (the main cause of algae) is growing much more slowly.
TetraMin is a universal cereal or pellet food for all kinds of ornamental fish. It is made from more than 40 types of selected raw materials, contains all the necessary nutrients and vitamins, as well as probiotics to improve the digestive tract.
Tetra Phyll and TetraPro Algae feeds will enrich the diet of barbs with an important plant component, which will positively affect health and longevity.
If you want to treat your pets to natural food that is close to natural, then use the Tetra FreshDelica special treats. You can choose one of the popular food organisms: bloodworms, brine shrimp, daphnia, or krill.
It is necessary to feed barbs several times a day with a portion of food, which will be eaten in a few minutes. Do not forget that the fish are prone to overeating, so once a week arrange for them a “fasting day”.
Breeding and breeding
The process of breeding barbs is quite simple. First of all, you need to choose the brightest and healthiest manufacturers. Unfortunately, this is difficult to do before the fish are mature, which occurs at the age of 6-8 months. By this time, barbs usually grow to a length of 6 cm. Males of this species are smaller in size, slimmer, and have a more saturated color. The female abdomen is more complete and rounded.
The couple needs to be planted for several weeks, introducing more high-protein feed into the diet.
At this time, a spawning aquarium with a volume of about 10 liters with a water level of up to 15 cm is being prepared. A separator grid is installed at the bottom because the fish do not show any concern for the offspring and eat caviar at any opportunity.
When the female is ready, she and two males are planted in the spawning morning. Mating dances are not distinguished by sophistication, the male swims next to the female, with her fins open, attracting her attention to herself. The female fertility supplies about 200-600 eggs. After spawning, the producers are removed from the aquarium.
Next, carefully replace 1/3 of the water in the aquarium, shade it and add a couple of drops of methylene blue so that the eggs do not damage the fungus. Larvae hatch from eggs after 1-2 days, and after another day are capable of self-feeding.