Aquarium plants are no less responsible than fish when it comes to environmental impact. Aquarium vegetation has a unique role in the metabolism of a closed ecosystem, and this role is particularly important. First and foremost, this pertains to gas exchange, which is necessary not only for plants themselves but also for aquatic organisms like fish. Even the best ventilation will not be able to completely replace the natural release of oxygen, which occurs in tandem with the absorption of carbon dioxide in the aquarium. Furthermore, plants absorb a variety of substances formed by the vital activity of fish, the decomposition of leaves and food in the water, and the decomposition of fish waste. In other words, the flora in the aquarium helps a biological filter to function, which helps to maintain the aquarium’s natural balance.
To this, add the beauty of the underwater world, complete with picturesque thickets that highlight the colors and beauty of the color of the fish, and it becomes clear that an aquarium without plants is like borsch without sour cream, a river without banks, and a sea without waves.
Today, Dutch aquascape aquariums, which are filled with the most beautiful and whimsical plants, are becoming increasingly popular, especially among children. The underwater flora found in such an aquarium is comparable to a mini-encyclopedia, and you can find dozens of different species of plants here. It is difficult for a novice aquarist to comprehend the different types of plants and to determine which of them is the most appropriate for use in an aquarium. So let’s get started with the fundamentals.
Purchase aquatic vegetation for an aquarium.
When purchasing plants, pay attention to their color, which is typically light green for healthy vegetation; check to see that there are no rotting leaves or stems anywhere on the plant; and make sure that all of the leaves and stems are in good condition.
Please do not attempt to transplant the flora that grows in public reservoirs into your aquarium.. The fish, which is accustomed to low temperatures, cannot withstand the high temperatures found in a hot water vessel containing exotic fish and will rot. For those who are serious about it, prepare yourself for a lengthy process of acclimatization of plants in a separate container, during which it will be necessary to gradually raise the temperature so that the vegetation becomes acclimated to the changes.
Flora, on the other hand, should be purchased from aquarists or from a specialized store. Adding water to the vegetation does not have to be done immediately after purchase. It is sufficient to place it in a warm location and moisten it. You can purchase cut plants that have stems, leaves, and growth buds but do not have roots or roots at the time of purchasing them.
Keep in mind that young plants have a better chance of establishing themselves in a new environment. Furthermore, purchasing large quantities of the same species can be a waste of money because they do not always tolerate transplantation well.
If you are new to aquariums and do not have much experience with them, look for unpretentious vegetation that does not require special attention. Vallisneria is a good place to start because it can be spiral and huge (its leaves can sometimes reach 1.5 meters in length), torsion-leaved and dwarf.
The aquatic flora and fauna of the aquarium represent a single mechanism of the underwater kingdom’s functioning.
Take into consideration the “preferences” of the inhabitants of your aquarium as well. If you have fish that live in a hidden environment, provide them with vegetation that they can use as a hiding place. Remember this moment because the leaves of plants are used by many fish as a natural substrate, where they spawn so that you don’t forget it. Javanese moss, for example, provides protection only to newly born broods. Furthermore, the leaves of anubias are the most suitable substrate. If you haven’t had the opportunity to purchase aquarium fish yet, you can do so in a special section of our website.
It is important to remember that the amount of illumination in the aquarium must be taken into consideration. Those who require bright lighting (for example, Elodea) are preferred by those who prefer darkened environments. They will become ill and eventually die if this does not happen.
How to deal with plant diseases and their symptoms
Find out why the plants in the vessel have turned black if you notice that they have done so by looking around. Adjusting the lighting can be accomplished by varying the lamp power value or by varying the length of daylight. Altering the water in the aquarium will remove the vast majority of the toxic compounds that can cause the flora to become discolored or even black. It is also possible that overfeeding of the fish is a factor. The leftovers saturate the water with an excessive amount of toxins, making it unsafe to drink. You can lend a hand to the apple snails and catfish, which are responsible for cleaning the floors in this area.
Aquatic vegetation is being introduced into the aquarium.
Placing plants in an aquarium allows you to concentrate on your preferences without losing sight of the importance of proper soil placement. Leaving the foreground untouched and open for review is essential if you want to create a beautiful composition; otherwise, it will be difficult for you to locate and observe the fish.
Avoid overcrowding the aquarium with plants. It is preferable if the flora takes up half or a third of the total vascular surface area. Prepare the holes by drilling them. There should be enough space in them for the roots to be able to spread out freely. Stay away from bending the roots upwards or peering through the hole. Plants with short roots can be secured to the ground by pressing them against the ground with stones or by strengthening them with glass bolts.