Mistakes that novice aquarists make when setting up and starting up an aquarium.

Because once you begin setting up and operating an aquarium, you should seek advice from informed people, such as experienced fishkeepers. We would not recommend you to ask such a question of specialized store salespeople: first, they acknowledge that their primary concern is sales, and second, you will rarely find someone who is enthusiastic about aquariums among them.

If you don’t have somebody to ask and you’re serious about getting an aquarium but don’t want to make the most common beginner mistakes, we’ve compiled a list of them and analyzed how to avoid the majority of them.

Mistake #1: Choosing the aquarium’s size.

Don’t waste your time chasing after small amounts!

A beginner in aquaristics may believe that he will begin by practicing on a small container and then progress to larger volumes after gaining experience. However, this viewpoint is fundamentally incorrect! Maintaining balance in a tiny fish tank is much more difficult, and even minor errors can quickly escalate into major issues.

It takes longer to change the water parameters in large aquariums, so keep in mind that the larger the vessel, the easier it is to maintain.

Bug #2: Launch of the fish

Please don’t rush the fish into the freshly decorated aquarium!

This puts you at risk of losing some, if not all, of their fish. And it’s all due to the inconstancy of water parameters. The nutrients, gases, substances, and heavy metals in it, which enter the water supply system for purification and disinfection, contribute to its instability. Such substances are harmful to the aquarium’s inhabitants.

As a result, the water must be treated beforehand to guarantee that any potentially hazardous substances are neutralized.

Allow a few days for the pH to stabilize, gases to escape, and unwanted substances to disintegrate. Then you can gradually introduce the fish.

Do not introduce all of the fish at the same time!

The long-awaited day has finally arrived! The water has calmed, and you’re already rushing to fill the aquarium with all of the lovely creatures you’ve been collecting for a long time.

Please take your time! Begin the fish gradually, in parts, and extend the process for a longer period of time. The procedure can take up to a week with several pairs of fish, and it can take up to a month with a larger number of fish.

During this time, however, the necessary number of bacterial colonies are formed, allowing the aquarium to cope with the entire population. As a result, it is necessary to wait for the maximum increase in nitrate and ammonia levels, followed by a decrease to the minimum, before the aquarium is ready to “absorb” the entire planned amount of fish.

Don’t overcrowd the aquarium!

You Have Way Too Many Fish In Your Tank!! Comment of the week Ep. 3

Consider such an essential fact as the fish-to-aquarium-volume ratio ahead of time. Understand that different fish species necessitate different amounts of water.

Novices frequently question why aquarium overcrowding is such a serious issue.  The fish swim around freely, and there is plenty of open area around them—so why just not make the most of it by settling one or two extra adorable fish?

You won’t be capable of maintaining the necessary biological harmony in the aquarium if the liters ratio is not followed. Rapid soil contamination causes an increase in the acidity of the water, which causes it to spoil. As a result, a number of diseases in the fish can erupt, they stop eating normally, and they frequently die as a result.

If you want to make a rough estimate, use the following figures as a guide. Medium and small fish (such as guppies, Xiphophorus, and molly fish) require 7-15 liters per pair. Goldfish, for example, can expect up to 60 liters per pair of larger occupants.

The formula “for every centimeter of fish – 2 liters of water” can be used as a general guideline. This rule, however, cannot be followed blindly because there are numerous other factors to consider.

These are, first and foremost, the peculiarities of fish behavior. Angelfish, for example, require their own space, which they will not share with others. Since no one lives there anymore, the volume they occupy can be removed from the container’s total volume. Barbus and gourami are all in the same boat (a pair of zebras takes up about 100 liters of space).

Second, keep in mind that Barbus, for example, are schooling fish and must be settled in groups of at least three pairs. As a result, take into consideration how it turns out!

Do not put incompatible fish species in your aquarium!

Find out about the different species of fish you’ve chosen for your future underwater commonwealth after you’ve looked at them. Newcomers frequently make the mistake of starting with mixed viewpoints.

Passive species with colorful fins and fan-shaped tails will never get along in the same room with aggressive species. This poses a threat, at least in terms of tattered fins, but battles can be even more disastrous.

So, if you’ve decided on barbus (all of their species get along), you can include Rasbora, which belongs to an aggressive group. Angelfish will feel at ease in a group with any gourami representatives. Any kind of large calm fish gets along well with neons and minor tetra. Molly fish, Poecilia, and Xiphophorus can be settled with a clear conscience among the guppies.

3. Intense lighting is a common setback.

Select the appropriate lighting type and intensity!

Although an aquarium that is lit almost constantly appears to be very beautiful, it can have a variety of negative consequences. The light day in the aquarium should not exceed 10 hours, depending on the fish and plants chosen. Microorganisms and algae begin to actively establish if it lasts too long.

Select the appropriate lighting and brightness!
In addition, the aquarium must be properly placed. It should be placed in a location where it does not receive direct sunlight, or the vessel’s walls will become infested with algae.

If your aquarium does not have live plants, you should reduce the lighting period to the bare minimum because the fish do not require them. A timer that turns the lighting system on and off at a specific time can be used to control the duration of daylight.

Mistake #4: Changing the water

Once a week, change the water!

It’s critical to change the water in your aquarium appropriately to keep the inhabitants and undergrowth healthy. It is not necessary to change all of the water in the container completely. Replacing a quarter or a third of the aquarium volume once a week will suffice.

Once a week, change the water!
You can do this by using cold tap water that has been allowed to settle for at least a day. The use of water conditioners, which convert tap water into aquarium-safe water, is a good solution. If the vessel contains no living plants, you can use a siphon to clean the soil while substituting the water.

And don’t forget about it! Changing the water is still necessary for aquarium maintenance, regardless of how good the filter is! It removes the waste products of living organisms while also saturating the water with nutrients required by microorganisms and plants.

Mistake #5: Failure to monitor water parameters

Aquarium pH, GH, and KH for BEGINNERS​

Regularly check the water’s parameters!

Beginners in aquaristics are typically unaware of such phenomena as the nitrogen cycle, as well as the critical importance of testing the water parameters in the fish tank. These tests are required to keep track of the number of toxic substances in the water.

Regularly check the water’s parameters!
The aquarium must be left for a few days after it has been set up. After that, look at the pH, hardness, nitrite, and ammonia levels. Their values should fall within a reasonable range.

To begin with, it is necessary to test the water for nitrites and ammonia on a regular basis. If the aquarium is already stocked with plants and animals, the water should be checked once a month to avoid any issues.

Check to see if the water parameters are normal if your fish have started to die.

6. Choosing and maintaining an aquarium filter is a common debacle.

Select a filter with the right volume!

To keep the water in the aquarium clean, choose a filtration system that will circulate all of the water at least three times per hour. If you’re not sure which filter to use, go one size up: you won’t be able to filter the water, but you’ll be sure to avoid the problem of water pollution.

Select a filter with the right volume!
Remember to clean the filter on a regular basis!

It is critical to maintaining the filter system correctly, regardless of whether it is an internal or external canister filter.

Remember! Tap water should never be used to rinse the filter material. You must use only aquarium water to accomplish this. Otherwise, the microorganisms living in the filtration system, whose job it is to purify the water, will be destroyed.

Remember to clean the filter on a regular basis!
Filter sponges that are “dirty” should not be avoided. It is not necessary to clean the filter on a regular basis. Allow the flow of water and its transparency to guide you.

Error #7: The Aquarium System Isn’t Working

At night, do not turn off the aquarium equipment!

Mistakes that novice aquarists make when setting up and starting up an aquarium.

Assume you live in a hot African country, and when you go to bed, you turn off not only the lights but also the air conditioner, while closing all the windows tightly. If you like thrills, go ahead and experiment on yourself, but don’t do it with fish!

Remember! At night, the compressor and pump filters must not be turned off. If you don’t like the constant buzzing of the compressor, you can try installing an internal filter in the aquarium. Modern filter pumps are almost silent, even if the compressor can make annoying and annoying noises while operating (high-quality products from well-known manufacturers, by the way, please with their relatively quiet operation).

At night, do not turn off the aquarium system!
You simply need to disable the function that removes air bubbles from the outlet (which is present in almost all models) and direct the water jet to the surface. Because the water is well saturated with oxygen due to diffusion with air and the resulting flow, no compressor is required.

However, if your aquarium has a lot of fish and your artificial pond is small, you’ll still need to install a compressor. As a result, consider in which the aquarium will be placed in advance, and if you believe the best location for it is your bedroom, consider what equipment will work best in this situation.