Male and female dwarf gourami
Dwarf gourami lives in the waters of Bengal and Assam. They are similar to gourami and reach a size of 6 cm. The body is dotted with small, alternating lines of blue, red, green, and yellowish hues. The dorsal and other fins are firm and extend almost to the caudal fin in both male and female dwarf gourami. All fins except the pectoral fins are covered with red dots and lines. The female dwarf gourami is much dimmer, in some cases-Gray, with barely noticeable color features of these fish. The male has a pointed dorsal fin, while the female has a rounded shape.
You can contain the gourami both separately and in the general aquarium. From the moment the temperature rises, as well as from the moment fresh water is added, The Male and female dwarf gourami feel an incentive to spawn.
Dwarf gourami (Colisa lalia)
Many Anabantoidei are common in the waters of India. These are representatives of the family, whose peculiarity is the presence of a labyrinth organ that allows fish to exist in oxygen-poor water. Fish catch air from the water surface through the mouth and then in the gill arches, in the System of mazes, the blood vessels of the mucous membrane are enriched with oxygen. This allows the fish not only to exist normally in a low-oxygen environment but also to be in a moist place in the air without water for several hours. In a closed ship without air, fish takes less than an hour.
Fish are not born with a labyrinth organ device, they develop it in the second or third week after the release of fry from the eggs. The period of formation of the labyrinth in juvenile fish is most difficult during which the weak die (especially if the care is wrong). The care for adult fish is not difficult. In general, they feel good and develop well in non-polluted aquariums, densely planted with plants, with an average light and water temperature of 23-27°C.
The body size and structure of these representatives are very diverse: from three cm to 6 cm in length. Anabantoidei are not only related to members of their genus, but also to other fish species, especially on the eve and during spawning. Old water is soothing for these fish. And vice versa-freshwater causes fish to reproduce active mobility and an incentive, and subsequently-an eager attitude to spawning /starting fights/. You can train male and female dwarf gourami to coexist with other fish by systematically adding water that contains new fish to their water late in the evening.
The care for the maze of great interest for beginners and experienced farmers too, even bigger than fans of aquariums / such as “tetra barb” or “guppy”.
To spawn dwarf gourami, it is necessary to prepare a container for 6-10 liters with a water level of 25 cm. On the surface of the water in a corner of the spawning ground run one or two tablespoons of riccia, limiting the area of the nest with a foam frame. You can use Java moss by tying a thin nylon thread to the edge of the aquarium so that the entire bundle is in the upper water layers. In the opposite corner, an air pump is lowered with a very fine spray and a weak current, so that the current at the water surface to the nest is slow.
Before spawning, the female dwarf gourami is kept separate from the male, well-fed and when her belly is noticeably plumper, planted in the spawning ground. The spawning temperature is 28-29°C. First, the female is released, then the male. After colonization, the male begins to build a nest: collects separately floating plant parts with the mouth and transfers them to the spawning site. At the same time, to capture the air, it throws out small bubbles of air that lingers in the dense intertwining of plants. Construction takes a long time, sometimes all day. When the nest of plants and Bubbles is finished, the male quickly jerks towards the female, who is on the side, inviting her to spawn with peculiar movements. Driven by the male, the female swims under the nest, the male wraps around her, bends in the form of a spiral, squeezes her body, and helps to eject part of caviar. At the same time, fertilization takes place. If the day is successful, the female goes to the lower back corner of the spawning area. Such spawning cycles with intervals for rest and nest preparation by the male, take several hours. After spawning, the female no longer obeys the male, and then it must be deposited immediately, otherwise, it can constantly hunt it, kill it. The male takes care of the eggs, jealously guards, and corrects the nest.
Larvae hatch small, fall to the ground. The parent collects them and puts them in place. At this time, it is better to remove male dwarf gourami to the General aquarium. Fry are fed “living dust”. In the second week of life, the frying pan can be fed with small Cyclops. At the age of six months, the fish become sexually mature.
Aquarium for the dwarf gourami
The purpose of this version of the aquarium is the same as the previous one – to achieve the coexistence of different fish species with male and female dwarf gourami.
Soil – small pebbles. Also plant (at the edge of the side walls of the tank) Vallisneria. Leave the front part of the soil without soil and protect the pebbles with a stone barrier. Place the Limnophila at the edge of the opposite side window. In the middle, on the back wall, you can place Elodea or ludwigia.
The composition of the fish in this aquarium features a Black Molly, Xiphophorus, guppies, Poecilia, the dwarf male and female dwarf gourami.
The water parameters are the same as in the previous aquarium.
For the successful development of plants, it is necessary to provide the aquarium with a good lighting device consisting of two types of lamps – luminescent (40 W) and incandescent (25-40 W). Replace the water in the aquarium is not more than a third of the water (lower layers) and not more than twice a month.