How to decorate a fish tank with household items

How to decorate a fish tank with household items

The more imagination you show when designing an underwater landscape, the more interesting the fish tank becomes. Take a sheet of paper, better of course the same size as the bottom of the intended aquarium, but you can also scale. And lay out an approximate plan for the placement of all equipment, decorations, and plants. At the same time, it is worth considering both your wishes and the needs of the intended fish content. That is, they provide shelters, zone dividers, etc.

Why we need to decorate fish tank?

One of the right steps to decorate a fish tank with household items is to preview different aquariums in books or photos on the Internet. It is desirable to make a plan, which should clearly show where each Element of the internal equipment of the aquarium should be located. Then you should design the design of the aquarium according to this plan.

Many fish rely entirely on shelters in the aquarium to protect themselves from attack, and even fish with other protective mechanisms usually seek protection when threatened. In aquariums for them, shelters must be a number of not less than the number of such fish. So if there are no suitable decorations in the aquarium under which the fish could hide, they will have constant fear for their lives.

It is not only important that there are shelters in the aquarium, but also that they are suitable for fish that live in the aquarium. For example, fish that normally hide under plants do not recognize a pile of stones as a possible safe haven. Similarly, fish that prefer to hide under rocks do not feel safe under plants — they need “caves”, corners of suitable size, and crevices where they can feel comfortable.

If both types of fish are present in the aquarium, both types of shelters are necessary. As shelters on the floor in a decorative aquarium, place hooks; large stones, separated or folded in the form of caves, grottos; cutouts of ceramic pipes, clad with sand, gravel, stones or hooks, so that everything looks natural.

There are 4 main requirements for aquarium accommodation. They should be easily removable, clearly visible, do not accumulate dirt, and be made of environmentally friendly materials, preferably of natural origin. Unusual artificial rock casts with” blind”, sinuous holes serve as a mud reservoir and sometimes as a trap for hapless fish who accidentally came there.

The landscape in the aquarium

For the design of the aquarium floor, decorative elements are used: stones, hooks, coconuts, willow roots, bamboo, ceramic hooks, large natural stone, cutouts of ceramic pipes, some household items etc.stones not only decorate the aquarium but are also a substrate for spawning, protection for a number of fish species, serve to attach certain types of plants, hide devices from the viewer, strengthen the walls of the terraces and are part of the decorative walls. The main thing is that you do not change the composition of water and do not add any harmful substances (including metals).

Usually in aquariums use granite, marble, limestone, sandstone, slate, gneiss, lava. Note that marble, limestone, and sandstone increase water hardness. You can also use special ceramics for the aquarium, especially since it has become very realistic. In the production of large compositions of stones, it is better to pre-glue the individual stones with a silicone sealant. This will save the aquarium from cracks and glass crevices caused by falling stones.

A good decoration of the aquarium can serve as a large natural stone. It is better if it has smoothed shapes, like rocks from mountain rivers. Stones should be without sharp corners so that the fish are not injured. The shape depends on the created landscape of the aquarium. So are not suitable for the coastal landscape, slightly angular stones in length, and for fish from flowing reservoirs-rounded stones. Similar decoration can serve as a ridge or slide of medium-sized stones.

It is recommended to build stone caves in a dry aquarium. If you populate it with large, strong fish, it makes sense to connect the stones together: digging in the ground, your pets can fill or destroy an unstable structure. Grottos can also be made outside the tank by drying them inside with silicone rubber (later the seams are not visible).

On sale are usually billets of mangroves, mahogany, and petrified wood. Bamboo poles, vines, and woody vines are also found in pet shops. Just don’t buy these decorations if you don’t know your manufacturer. Snags from well-known companies usually have tags attached. You can also find a hook yourself.

The best option to decorate a fish tank will be Alder, ash, beech, Willow, maple, which have been lying in running water for several years. Before using wooden elements in the aquarium, make sure that they are made of acceptable types of wood. If you use driftwood, it is enough to soak it in saltwater for a week. If you use wood from a forest or reservoir, you should resort to cooking in addition to soaking. Boil the driftwood for several hours in salted water.

The choice of background for fish tank

Decorative walls are intended to give a more complete impression of the aquarium, which is usually hindered by everything that is located behind the rear wall of the aquarium. The background can be external or internal, in the latter case you should be sure that it is non-toxic and does not affect the chemistry of the water. The internal background does not give a mirror effect of glass. Today, pet shops and Aquarium salons sell decorative walls for aquariums. As a rule, they represent the stone surface of monolithic rock, but there are many variations.

To create the impression of the stone surface, rectangular leaves with an imitation are attached along the back wall, which is black, resemble pine bark or brown with an imitation. Foam backgrounds with an embossed (bas relief) surface. Industrial variants imitate the underwater landscape quite well.

There are backgrounds of panels made of Cork bark, Styrofoam, PVC, etc. Many aquariums are initially equipped with such walls and often they are installed directly instead of the rear window. The deep relief structure of the panels makes it possible to build a composition without special design tricks by adding design elements such as driftwood, stones, artificial, and natural plants to the landscape while achieving the maximum stereoscopic effect. In this case, you can use both massive design elements (large mangrove snacks or stones) as well as light, openwork branches, and roots of black Alder or Juniper.

You can order or create your own back wall of natural stone in the form of a fragment of a stone reef with depressions, caves, grottos, and crevices where fish hide. Cork tiles glued to the rear window of the aquarium from the outside look beautiful.

The most common background is a photo image. It is sold in the square footage of rolls of different widths. Very diverse in the plot. On request, they can be placed both outsides and in the aquarium. They are waterproof. You can only give general advice-do not use a background in bright colors. If you are using a background image, tape it to the outside of the back wall along the contour (you can also use glycerin, sweet or soapy water, apply the solution to the sheet, attach it to the glass, and then use a rubber spatula to “expel” the air bubbles formed). The background is slightly smaller than the back wall, about 1 cm on each side.

Finished walls should be installed in the aquarium so that it is not possible to penetrate fish and other living things between the back and the glass of the aquarium. If you want to install textured or three-dimensional backgrounds, they must be installed in the aquarium, glued to the back wall with silicone (aquarium), or fixed with special clamps. Try to install and fix the background in such a way that the penetration of soil, excrement, and especially fish between the background and the rear window is excluded.

How to decorate a fish tank with household items?

Fishkeepers are usually very enthusiastic people who are willing to do anything for their quiet pets, including an exclusive decorative design of a water House. Decorating an aquarium is a creative process that depends entirely on the aesthetic taste of its owner, and everyone is especially proud when unique decorations are made by their own hands.

If you want to decorate a fish tank with household items and create a unique environment, the aquarist can use individual elements and parts in stores as well as natural objects and materials. Decorations in your fish tank can be either the simplest or the most complex. For example, there may be models of ancient buildings or Knight’s castles, a simple mound of neatly stacked stones, or a picturesque cave with several entrances. It all depends on the person. For sure, certain decorations must necessarily correspond to the nature and habits of the aquarium inhabitants.

Make a fish tank background decoration with your own hands

It is clear that fish absolutely do not care what these background decorations will be in your fish tank. For humans, however, a background that creates a water perspective or, for example, an imitation of rocks is a very attractive detail. Properly and beautifully decorated rear wall of the aquarium with the right lighting gives a three-dimensional view of the entire composition, emphasizing the characteristic features of the internal elements of the water world.

Some make the background completely black, achieve a visual depth of space, and imitate the ocean water environment. And someone makes a light blue background, more like a sunlit Lake. Like many people, so many possibilities.

One option is to paint over the outer part of the back wall or apply some patterns to it. But many create a similar background with self-adhesive film, which can be in different colors. For example, PVC film cast ORACAL allows you to make a background with any pattern. You just need to make a sketch, and the employees of the advertising company print the idea on film for a small fee.

One of the most important things is to securely attach the finished film to the back of the fish tank.

For this purpose, the glass surface should be thoroughly degreased, otherwise the film will fall off quickly. Then the grease-free surface is moistened with clean water from a spray gun and the film is applied evenly. Then water and air bubbles are carefully squeezed out with a special tool underneath. However, you can also use a normal plastic card for this purpose.

Another way is to create a three-dimensional background with a foam sheet. In principle, it is not a background, but a screen that can be removed at any time. Such a screen is made as follows: First you need to cut a foam sheet to the size of the rear window, then burn one side on the fire slightly until bubbles appear, and then apply a thin layer of cement to the burned side. After it will dry, you get a relief gray surface that resembles a section of rock. By attaching the foam with the decorated side to the glass with tape, you can have a chic background.

A very simple and original way to create a green background for an aquarium without plants :

And here is a wonderful version of the aquarium background with Java Moss, the back wall with a chic emerald carpet:

How to decorate a fish tank with coconut?

Actually, we are not talking about palm nuts, but about coconut shells, from which you can independently make original fish protection.

How To Make Coconut Caves (Easily for Aquariums)

In the grocery store, you need to buy a fresh large coconut and combine the healthy with the pleasant. On the surface of the walnut bark, you should find three recesses, make holes in their place (with screwdriver, nail, drill) and drain the juice.

Then the bowl is cut in half with a jigsaw and the white meat is removed. In the future, it can be used for culinary purposes.

To destroy unwanted microorganisms, the dish is boiled in water for 5-7 minutes. Further, as far as the imagination allows, you can cut notches around the perimeter of the shell or make additional holes.

Two halves are placed on the bottom of the aquarium, and curious fish will immediately begin to explore new caves.

In addition, some fish is used as food. In less than a month the hard shell of the nut will be completely smooth.

How to decorate a fish tank with wooden elements?

The tree looks very natural in the aquarium. From this material, you can even make a grotto, which becomes a natural refuge for fish and a place for their rest. A good answer to how to decorate a fish tank with household items is wood, however, not every tree is suitable for an artificial reservoir at home.

Conifers are also not recommended because of their high resin content.

Oak driftwood should be used with caution, as they are not suitable for all aquariums. Tannins soften the water and give it a brownish color. It does not affect the fish, and in some cases, it may even be useful, but the appearance of a home reservoir, may change radically.

If you keep residents who prefer to live in soft and acidic water, such as Characidae, some cyprinids, and American cichlids, this decoration does not harm them. For biotopes in South America that mimic reservoirs with “black water” oak snout will be very useful.

It is not difficult to make a wooden grotto. It is necessary to choose a suitable stump, wash thoroughly, clean from the bark. Then boil the stick in brackish water for 30 minutes.

On the side surface of the hemp cut holes or a large hole whose edges are burned. Peel the stump back from the remaining bark, which is peeled off after cooking. It will be better to keep the finished wood product for a week, in ordinary cold water, and change daily.

After all these procedures, the wooden grotto can be attached to the bottom of the aquarium with special silicone or pressed with stones.

In the same way, hooks are also processed that look very impressive in an artificial reservoir.

The most important thing is not to use rotting wood, as rotting products can spread in the water environment.

How to decorate a fish tank with stones?

This material is present in almost every aquarium. Simple operation, great possibilities to create decorative figures-this makes it indispensable for interior design.

Flat stones and rocks are suitable for slides, grottos, and caves. The same decorative elements are made of smooth pebbles that look very beautiful. In this case, the stones should be glued together with special aquarium silicone.

HOW TO: Aquarium safe rocks TUTORIAL

Before placing stone elements in the aquarium, they must always be prepared like wood.
The stones are thoroughly cleaned of dirt and other substances and then boiled in water for about 10-15 minutes.

Avoid crafting from these stones, which emit a lot of alkalies, as this dramatically changes the chemical balance of the water, which can lead to the creation of conditions that are unsuitable for pets.

By the way, it is very easy to check the stones for alkalinity: just drop a few drops of vinegar on their surface. If there are hissing bubbles, then there is an alkaline reaction. Therefore, these gravel stones that contain limestone and cannot be used.

The same goes for mussels and corals, which can be used if the inhabitants of the aquarium are some of the African cichlids, which naturally live in slightly alkaline and hard water.

For all other situations, rocks and pebbles such as basalt, granite, sandstone, sea pebbles are ideal. You should decorate a fish tank with household items on the interior with stones with no sharp edges and edges.

How to decorate a fish tank with ceramic products as decorations

Ceramic pots fit perfectly into decorating aquarium into the interior of the aquarium. However, many experts do not recommend using Chinese ceramics, which release harmful chemicals into the water.

If there is still room in the Waterhouse, you can buy a real clay pot or a deep bowl at the Fair of folk crafts or from country people.

The pot is usually placed laterally on the bottom of the glass and fixed with stones. Or you can cut several holes in different places and carefully round off their sharp edges.

Some General Rules of decoration on how to decorate a fish tank with different household items?

No matter how much you want to decorate your aquarium with different crafts, you should not clog the interior too much. It should be remembered that its inhabitants need more space for swimming.

It is recommended to place homemade decorations in the background or on the sides since the base of each aquarium is still in its inhabitants, not a craft. In addition, such placement helps to hide from the eyes of technical equipment to ensure the life of fish (filters, aerators, thermometers). In the central part of the fish tank decorative composition, it is desirable to leave only small decorative elements.

In pet shops, you can buy almost everything you need to design a fish house. But only well-made decorations can serve any aquarist as a proud object and give the interior a unique look and beauty. I hope you got all the needed to know how to decorate a fish tank with household items.