How to care for aquarium plants at home

How to care for aquarium plants at home

In order to give the aquarium a vibrant appearance, various plants are used. These plants not only enhance the aesthetics of the aquarium space but also help to maintain a favorable microenvironment within the closed system. Fish that live in well-developed vegetation also develop more beautiful and vibrant colors as a result of the fact that they are not surrounded by the lifeless plastic decor, but rather by fully-fledged organic matter.

However, in order to achieve this, it is necessary to provide complete care for the plants in the aquarium so that they retain their green appearance for an extended period of time and saturate the water with oxygen. Furthermore, some plants have the ability to act as a natural biofilter, removing harmful substances from water through their filtering abilities. If you provide them with favorable growth conditions, they will be able to live a long and healthy life while also pleasing you with their appearance.

Soil selection is important.

The type of aquarium plants that are used has a direct impact on the soil that is used. It is possible to plant roots in the ground if they have a strong root system; however, the soil must be neutral, fine (sand or a fine fraction up to 0.5 cm) and light in order for them to thrive. These are the only conditions under which the root system will grow and develop. In order to grow succulents, the soil must be purchased from a specialized store, which means it must be a watery substrate rather than the usual store-bought soil for potted plants.

The soil layer has a thickness of approximately 3-5 centimeters. Echinodorus. It is recommended that the layer thickness be between 8 and 10 cm when the plants are large (for example, Echinodorus). As long as the green floats, which means it does not have a root system, such plants can be attached to the decor with hooks or stones, for example.

What is the proper way to plant aquarium plants?

It is necessary to prepare the plants prior to planting. Cleansing with running water and, if absolutely needed, the removal of dirt and snails are both required. Dead stems and leaves must be removed from the aquarium immediately; otherwise, they will continue to rot and clog the aquarium’s water supply.

The disinfection process is the next step. There are a number of options available:

  • Prepare a weak solution of potassium permanganate (the water should be slightly colored). Approximately a half-hour is spent submerging plants in this solution.
  • With the addition of salt, you can achieve another result. The exposure time can be as long as 15 minutes in total.
  • It is possible to use a teaspoon of hydrogen peroxide to treat one liter of water. In order to complete this solution, you must stand for approximately 5 minutes.

Following such treatment, the plants should be thoroughly washed under running water. Following that, a soil substrate is established on the bottom of the aquarium, and a layer of earth is poured into the aquarium to fill it.

When planting plants in an aquarium, it is best to start with the background and use the seedlings that are the longest. It makes no sense to put them in the foreground because they will simply obstruct your view of the landscape. Planting small bushes in the center will eventually result in a thick layer of greenery covering the entire area. In the foreground, low-algae plants are planted.

Plants with a root system should be planted with great care so that the roots are not damaged during the process. In order to accomplish this, it is preferable to first create a depression in the soil that corresponds to the size of the root system, lower the plant into the depression, and then fill the rhizome with soil.

We will pay particular attention to the following major recommendations for aquarium plant planting:

  • Before you begin planting vegetation, you should consider the amount of light that will be available as well as the type of plants that will be used. When growing greens, it is best to situate them closer to the primary light source.
  • The disinfection stage is required; a simple wash with water will not suffice in this case.
  • Before you begin planting, make sure the aquarium is half-filled with water. Tweezers, which allow you to plant plants in the holes, can be used to make your work life easier while you are working.
  • It is preferable to plant plants of the same species in close proximity to one another. Please keep in mind that some types of vegetation are incompatible with one another, and this should be taken into consideration when planning your planting scheme.
  • Water is added to the tank until it is completely filled with greens after they have been planted in the ground. Floating algae are laid out on the surface and secured with a fishing line or nylon thread to prevent them from floating away.

It is critical to leave a small amount of space between the plants in order to allow for the growth of additional plants. It is preferable to plant in the spring when the vegetation is more adaptable to new conditions, rather than the summer.

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The majority of them can grow in water if they have the following characteristics: pH ranges from 6.5 to 7.2, and hardness ranges from 4 to 12 dH.

We must emphasize that in some regions of the united states, water from the tap appears to be dark and turbid and cannot be used for an aquarium without first being thoroughly cleaned. This can be accomplished through the use of a reverse osmosis filter.


Lighting It should be sufficient to use 1 watt per liter of water.

It is preferable to use specialized lamps for lighting, but at the outset, any light source will suffice, and it will be possible to replace it with something more appropriate later.

Fluorescent lamps are the most effective type of lighting for aquariums. The majority of the time, a light source placed on top of the container is sufficient; however, if the container’s height is greater than 50 cm, additional light points are needed. As a result, you must take into consideration the lighting requirements of the plants you intend to use.

Nutritional Supplements.

It is critical to use a specific nutrient medium in the aquarium in order to maintain normal greenery growth there.

Particularly important for the full development of vegetation are trace elements such as manganese, zirconium, boron, iron, and other substances. However, if they are in large numbers, the effect will be the polar opposite of what is intended.

Phosphates, nitrates, and sulfates are just as important as trace elements. You do not need to introduce them separately because they will naturally find their way into the water in most cases. The feces of aquarium residents, in particular, contain a high concentration of these substances, which means that if there are enough of them, the nitrate content will be at an optimal level.

You can tell what kind of substance plants are deficient in based on their appearance. Iron deficiency manifests itself in the form of brittle leaves and yellow tips to the leaves, which indicate a lack of iron. The presence of excessive yellowing of the foliage indicates a deficiency in sulfur or nitrogen. The appearance of yellowish spots on the foliage, on the other hand, indicates an excess of certain substances, such as phosphorus, manganese, or iron in the environment.

How to care for aquarium plants at home


Carbon dioxide is required by plants for photosynthesis, and as a result, it is an important component of their normal growth and development.

In addition to naturally occurring carbon dioxide in the aquarium (due to fish breathing), special carbon dioxide supply systems can be used to supplement the natural supply. If there are only a few fish in the aquarium, it is recommended that you use this system. When there are enough of them, they will, in the vast majority of cases, emit the necessary amount of carbon dioxide.

Additional equipment

Everything is dependent on the particular situation. Additional heating is required if the temperature level in the room is maintained at or above +15 degrees Celsius during the cold winter months. However, if the temperature is greater than +20 degrees Celsius, this can be ignored.

It is necessary to have a filtering system in order to function properly. In addition, many filters are already sold with the aquarium itself, which saves you money.

Here are some critical considerations:

  • Water should not be forced through the filter by strong streams of water; otherwise, the carbon dioxide content will be low..
  • The filter must be powerful enough to remove any dirt that may be present in the water.
  • For the uniform distribution of beneficial substances in the aquarium, it is necessary to create a flow of water, which is accomplished through the use of a filter system. However, if there are a large number of fish present, it is inevitable that these streams will be formed as a result of their movement.

Choosing the right fish for your aquarium

If you plant plants in the ground, which means they have a well-developed root system, you should avoid keeping fish in the aquarium that dig into the ground because they will damage all of your plantings. There should not be an excessive number of herbivores because otherwise, they will simply consume all of the greens.

As a result, it is preferable to give up on cichlids, goldfish, and carp altogether. Guppies, neons, and other similar animals are more appropriate.

Choosing the right plants

Even the most experienced aquarist will find it impossible to grow all types of vegetation in the same conditions, which is why it is critical to understand this concept. As a result, you must select plants that are appropriate for the conditions in your aquarium.

It will be possible to grow vegetation with the most unpretentious of species, which will be beneficial. Anubias, mosses of all kinds, hygrophila, and other similar plants fall into this category. Of course, the greens you plant should be in good health, with no signs of rot or withered leaves on the leaves.

How to care for aquarium plants at home

Is it necessary for me to cut the plants?

Growing plants in an aquarium, like growing plants in a natural environment, necessitates their regular pruning, just as it does with terrestrial vegetation. Without being cut, some types of plants with long stems will simply continue to grow and climb out of the surface of the water, whereas others will die. When it comes to some types of greenery, it is necessary to remove old leaves in order for new ones to grow.

It is important to remember that living vegetation provides numerous benefits to all aquarium residents. Furthermore, the decorative nature of greenery is insignificant in comparison to its primary function. In the first place, any vegetation in the aquarium releases oxygen, which is essential for maintaining normal living conditions for the fish and promoting the growth of beneficial bacteria.

The ability to provide a hiding place for fish to hide from more aggressive neighbors, or simply because of the peculiarities of their behavior, is another useful function of the vegetation.

Keep in mind that if you want to achieve truly beautiful green vegetation in your aquarium, you must constantly care for the plants in it. In order to accomplish this, you must perform regular maintenance on your aquarium.