The selection of an aquarium and the selection of its inhabitants are two processes that are intricately intertwined. As a result, you will be unable to accommodate relatively large predators in a small fish tank, while small peaceful fish such as neon, xiphophorus, and guppies will fail to make an adequate impression in a large 500-liter tank.
The desire of beginners in the aquarium business to populate their aquariums with all of the existing inhabitants of the water world, starting with shrimp and ending with piranhas, is something that professionals must deal with on a regular basis. When selecting fish, it is important to keep in mind their compatibility with one another in order to avoid experiencing life-or-death battles in the first few days of ownership.
Keep in mind that some fish require semi-darkness, while others require bright light; that some species require a rocky bottom in the aquarium; that others can only survive if the aquarium “drowns” in a thicket of plants; and that some species require open space. It is obvious that species that prefer bright light should not be housed together with species that prefer semi-darkness or darkness, for example.
Now that you have a better understanding, selecting or ordering an aquarium is only half of the battle. After the long-awaited element of your home’s interior has arrived, it will be necessary to fill it with water to accommodate the residents. And it must be done correctly the first time so that you do not have to suffer incessantly while witnessing the depressing spectacle of your pets’ deaths.
- 1 Type of aquarium
Type of aquarium
So, first and foremost, we decide on the type of aquarium that will be placed in your home or office setting.
1. A general statement
Fish of various species, ranging in size and behavior, as well as being tolerant of the properties of water and not overly demanding of the confinement conditions, can be found in aquarium. If you want to make the most of the available space in your aquarium, you can fill it with fish that occupy different levels of the water column (soil inhabitants, inhabitants of the middle part and surface species). It can be filled with a variety of different water inhabitants if there is a choice.
A common mistake made by inexperienced aquarists is to purchase fish for their aquarium that have attracted their attention with their physical appearance. Frequently, it is discovered that they require specific detention conditions. When such fish reach the end of their lives, they die or are eaten by other inhabitants of the aquarium.
2. Geographical considerations
If tank is populated by fish that come from the same environment. You can create a miniature version of African or South American lakes in your aquarium, and you can fill it not only with the fish that live there, but also with vegetation.
3. Specified information
The aquarium is populated by fish of the same species as the fish in the water. In this case, the tank should be set up to replicate the conditions found in the selected species’ natural environment as closely as possible. For some residents, it will be necessary to fill the aquarium with caves made of stones, while for others, it will be necessary to have the aquarium densely planted with vegetation that is typical of the region where these fish are found to be successful.
Aquarium inhabitants must be compatible with one another.
If we look at the relationship between fish and humans, we can categorize it into two types:
Because they are so closely intertwined, it is frequently difficult to distinguish between the different types. In the event of incompatibility, everything will come to a tragic end for some of the inhabitants of the tank, and you, as the aquarist, will be forced to “pay” with additional time and money spent on restoring the underwater kingdom.
As an example, here are some special signs of compatibility between underwater inhabitants:
- Aquarium’s feed;
- behavioral characteristics;
- chemical composition of the water;
- water temperature;
- intensity of lighting;
- the manner in which day and night change;
- fish should be compatible with invertebrates and plant life in the aquarium, and vice versa;
- and setting up the aquarium’s lighting;
Everything about the food is crystal clear.
Some of the aquarium’s inhabitants should not be food for others, and the aquarium’s inhabitants should all be satisfied. The observance of these simple rules contributes to the harmonious coexistence of all the inhabitants of the underwater world that they have created.
It should be noted that the nutritional requirements of different types of fish can differ significantly. There are, however, universal feeds available that are suitable for the majority of tropical fish.
Characteristics of human behavior.
Due to the wide range of behavioral characteristics displayed by the inhabitants of the aquatic world, this moment can be both a blessing and a curse for aquarists, depending on their preferences. The advantage of having a wide range of options is that you can create your own individual and unique underwater world. However, the problem here is that even a minor error in the selection of the aquarium’s inhabitants is enough to turn daily life into a localized conflict.
Please keep in mind that the commonly accepted division of the living inhabitants of the underwater world into two groups based on their behavior (peaceful and aggressive) and territorial characteristics does not always work. In general, it is difficult to tell the difference between territorial and non-territorial fish, which are, in fact, quite small. In addition, it is unclear under what circumstances territorial incompatibility will manifest itself, such as whether violations of the private border will be met with a polite rebuke or will be severely sanctioned. Look through our aquarium fish catalog and you’ll be pleasantly surprised by the variety of options available at such reasonable prices.
Water’s Physical Characteristics
You can learn about the preferences of different species in terms of water quality by consulting a special reference book or visiting a thematic website dedicated to the subject. The most important thing to remember is that there is a difference between “acceptable” and “optimal” indicators. According to this definition, optimal indicators are those parameters in which the fish is most comfortable. With acceptable indicators, however, the area where the inhabitants can live in tolerable conditions is not ideal, but rather quite acceptable.
Please keep in mind that the organisms of the creatures living in the aquarium, which will force you to be in conditions with extreme (extreme) indicators for you, has a significant impact on their way of life. High temperatures accelerate development, whereas low temperatures cause it to sluggishly progress. So the decision to populate an aquarium with aphiosis ions and discus, in which the temperature of 24°C has a completely different effect, can result in the “kings of the aquarium” not receiving normal development conditions and the spawning carp tooth growing old much earlier than it would otherwise have been the case.
An important conclusion can be drawn from the information presented above. If you are just getting started in a beautiful science known as aquascaping, you should approach the selection of fish with a great deal of responsibility. Don’t lose sight of the fact that, despite their aloofness, they are sentient beings. As long as you provide them with a comfortable environment, the fish will generously share their energy with you, filling the environment with warmth and comfort.