Ferns are a very ancient group of plants that have largely preserved the features of their distant ancestors, except that they have become smaller in size. These plants are characterized by increased endurance, they adapt well to various conditions of detention. For its unpretentiousness and beautiful appearance are appreciated by aquarists around the world.
Hornwort (Ceratophyllum) belongs to the family Ceratophyllaceae (hornwort). Many varieties are known to grow in slowly flowing rivers, lakes, and ponds, which differ in appearance, for example, in lakes Tanganyika and Malawi, there are compact forms with very hard leaves. The range of hornwort is extensive; this plant lives in all regions of the temperate climatic zone and is found in water bodies from the Arctic Circle to the tropics.
Vallisneria takes its rightful place at the top of the ranking of the most unpretentious aquarium plants. Even a novice aquarist can cope with its cultivation, and experienced ones are able to create magnificent compositions with its help. In our article, we will talk about the popular varieties of vallisneria and the conditions of its maintenance in the aquarium.
Anubias, like cryptocorynes, belongs to the Araceae family (Araceae), the genus Anubias. The range includes the tropical rainforests of Africa. It grows along the banks of rivers, streams, in swamps, while the plant can be completely immersed in water, however more often, like many other coastal plants, anubias leaves can grow in the air.