Maintenance and care in the aquarium
The Blue ram cichlid is the most common small cichlid in freshwater aquariums. These fish live for about 4 years. Which is quite a lot for small fish. Compared to other cichlids, the Blue ram cichlid is quite calm and not aggressive, but not territorial at all.
For a few fish, we recommend about 30 liters of water. It is not necessary to start two pairs in a volume of up to 50 liters, as the males begin to fight for the territory and the females. Despite the fact that blue ram cichlid can deter fish from their territory, even peaceful fish such as Xiphophorus or Harlequin rasbora will not cause serious harm. But still, Apistogramma can only hurt the shrimp.
The comfortable temperature for these beautiful fish is 24-28 °C. the water parameters pH: 6.0-7.5, the hardness of 6-14°.
Problems in care
Blue ram cichlid is not the most difficult fish to care for, but to avoid problems and difficulties in the content, you need to follow several rules:
- Varied food in small portions 2 times a day
- Stable water indicators. The fish is very sensitive to changes in various parameters: temperature, hardness, acidity.
- Water replacement is desirable once or twice a week in small quantities. Since the fish lives at the bottom of the bottom,
- Siphoning must be performed regularly.
- In the aquarium, shelters are mandatory in the idea of grottoes or plants.
- It is advisable to regularly test for ammonia and nitrates when changing water
The most common problem is that Blue ram cichlid gets darker and does not eat.
This is either due to stress, for example, a new fish in the aquarium or due to improper maintenance of these wonderful fish.
If you follow the rules listed above, the difficulties with the blue ram cichlid will not affect you.
Blue ram cichlid tank mates
As already mentioned, distinguished from the other cichlid Blue ram cichlids mainly are calm. It is allowed to keep it at the same time with almost any other type of aquarium dwellers. These dwarf cichlids do not harass Characidae fish or Rainbowfish or neons. They get along well with tiger barbs, angelfish, and betta fish. Some people keep them without problems even with guppies. In the aquarium, blue ram cichlids do not eat or pull out the plants and begin to dig in the ground pit.
In general, this is a very easy-going, not hooligan fish. It is because of its calm that experienced fishkeepers do not advise to keep it with other large or very aggressive cichlid species. You need also not to plant is with other tank mates that prefer cold water. As a resident of the tropics, it was more used to the warmth. In the cold water of Apistogramma feel very bad, sick, and even die.
Feeding Blue ram cichlid
Blue ram cichlid of fish that like to eat different foods. You can feed both live food after washing and disinfecting and frozen. For a change, you can give small amounts of vegetable dry food. This cichlid is a modest fish that likes to eat small portions, so make sure the fish has time for eating with other Blue ram cichlid tank mates.
How to Blue ram cichlid female or male?
Blue ram cichlid have very pronounced sex differences. Males are larger, brighter, and have a long, pointed fin. The female from the male can be distinguished by the shinier belly, it is either orange or red. The male is larger and has a more pointed dorsal fin. The female Blue ram cichlid is smaller and slightly paler, with a short dorsal fin and a crimson belly.
Water for Blue ram cichlid
When buying Blue ram cichlid tank mates in a pet store, you should definitely ask the seller about the conditions under which they were kept. If young Blue ram cichlids tolerate a change in water composition even more easily, adults with significant differences can hardly acclimatize. This is especially true for such an indicator as water hardness.apistogramma6
Fish that have grown up in a soft should be kept in the same (and vice versa). Recommended water parameters for them are as follows: hardness up to 12 dGH, acidity-pH 5.5-7.5, and temperature 28-32 c. When buying fish you should ask the seller to more water in which they lived. At home, new conditions for keeping butterflies are gradually taught using a drip method.
Numerous representatives of percoidei live in the waters of tropical latitudes, differ in spines in the fins, and lack of teeth in the pharyngeal areas. These groups of aquarium fish are interesting for their variety of body structure, color, and reproduction.
The family includes 200 species of cichlids found in the waters of Central Africa, Central, and South America. A special feature of the cichlids is their shape – a large head with a pronounced protrusion on the forehead (especially in males), a large mouth with bulging protruding lips.
They live in slow-flowing waters. Species of relatively large size (with the exception of a few, such as Apistogramma, etc.).). Many of their representatives are predators and lead a solitary lifestyle. The place of their shelter is jealously guarded by other fish, without fear they attack larger predators. The character is aggressive, but it is easy to learn from adolescence to the community of other species. Many species of cichlids treat their offspring with amazing parental care, some of them feeding their newborns with their secret, which is released immediately after spawning.
Ram cichlids are very popular in aquarium practice. The bright color, peculiar shape and original behavior, the dissimilarity of each species attract fishkeepers. Ram cichlid is found in tributaries of rivers in Venezuela and Bolivia with other fish you can call blue ram cichlid tank mates. The body of the fish is compressed from the sides, the dorsal fin is high, the color is yellow, in the reflected light, it is lit with purple, blue, and pink colors. The pelvic fins and abdomen and front of the head are bright red. On a small head, a vertical narrow dark stripe runs through the eye. The tail fins and dorsal fins are dotted with yellow-green dots. The body length is 7 cm. Males are larger than females, differ in a steeper line of the front part of the head, females-a soft crimson color of the abdomen (this is particularly noticeable during the spawning period).
Reproduction of ram cichlid
Breeders of ram cichlid should always be kept in an aquarium-spawning ground, where, in addition to the water-fern, on the surface of the water, there is the same fern, on the floor and stone pressed. Next to the plant lay a fragment of a red pot the size of half a palm tree. Aquarium Capacity 6-10 Liters. Accessories-filters, air pump, thermometers, and heating. The ground is dark and clear.
To breed you need one pair. Before spawning, fish are fed with a variety of foods, like bloodworms. The water hardness in the spawning aquarium is 5-8 degrees, the pH 6.5-6.8. as soon as the female changes color to a lighter color, you should increase the water temperature to 26°C and observe the behavior of the fish. Breeding pair of ram cichlid should begin to take care of the place where it is supposed to spawn, clean the plaque. Before spawning, if the female already checks the surface of the grottoes with the touch of the abdomen and prepares for the laying of eggs, it is necessary to increase the temperature by another two degrees.
Spawning begins unexpectedly. The female does not immediately lay all eggs but makes several trips. The same number of times the male passes this place and fertilizes eggs. After spawning, the female goes aside and becomes indifferent to the actions of the male. Once spawning is complete, the Shard with evenly distributed eggs on it is transferred along with water to a small spawning ground, becomes the front face near the air sprayer, and raises the temperature to 34-36°C. water is tinted with tripaflavin. First, appear wobbling tails from the eggs (this is formed by larvae), then they fall to the ground.
Once the fry swim, they must be fed the smallest living food. The water change should take place in two weeks.
Aquarium for blue ram cichlid
The volume of the aquarium is 60 liters. The species and purpose of this presuppose the conditions for fish species that can spawn regularly in a common aquarium with other blue ram cichlid tank mates. This allows amateur fishkeepers to observe the behavior of spawning pairs, to examine their relationships with other fish during spawning, and to draw their own conclusions on improving the conservation and breeding of certain species.
The bottom of the aquarium (its background) is filled with small, and above-with large gravel mixed with crumbs of top peat cooked for 15 minutes. In a corner of the aquarium, free of plants, leave a small area where you can fit a fragment from a red flower pot. Around this shard plant such plants that grow, the crown of their leaves will close the spawning zone of other fish. The same area can occur in the opposite direction if several spawning pairs are present. Such plants can be the corresponding species of Echinodorus, a dwarf Amazon planted immediately behind and closer to the foreground, in addition, a large flowering plant of the Aponogeton type can be planted on the opposite side of the spawning place.
On the surface of the water, set aside a small area for riccia and in the future make sure that this plant does not occupy more than a quarter of the allotted area.
The main species of the inhabitants is the blue ram cichlid (preferably no more than three or four pairs, taking into account the selection during mating), as well as Epiplatys, Hyphessobrycon or Minor tetra, the number of which should not exceed three times the main species.
Composition of the water: two parts of the boiled upper layers and one part distilled. Add peat to the filter. After determining the equilibrium, check the acidity (PH = 6.0).
An aquarium of this species requires bright lighting, and water should be changed not more than twice a month and not less than two weeks before expected spawning.