We all were beginners: everything is interesting, exciting, each new skill or skill evokes a lot of emotions. Buying your first aquarium, albeit small, but beautiful, cannot be compared to anything. Installation of equipment, albeit not very correct, but without assistance. And the launch of the fish that you have been choosing in the store for so long.
All this is good, but even professional aquarists are not immune to mistakes. Needless to say about beginners who are just mastering the basics of this exciting hobby. To choose your first aquarium, fish, equipment, decorate, and maintain it correctly, it is important to remember a few important points.
Tip number 1. Only the right equipment.
It sounds corny, but the wrong equipment can ruin everything. Even low-quality lighting, which, it would seem, will not cause any harm to the fish, can significantly worsen the biobalance. Yes, fish also need light in a certain “dose”, just like plants. This also applies to thermoregulation, aeration, filtration. All equipment must be selected correctly, in accordance with the volume of the aquarium, its location, the “whims” of the inhabitants, and your preferences.
Tip number 2. Living conditions for fish are extremely important.
A person adapts well to environmental conditions, and this is his strength: cold – turned on the heater or got dressed, hot – air conditioner or fan, stuffiness – ventilated the room or went outside. But fish and other inhabitants do not have such an opportunity. If the aquarium is low on space, oxygen, poor lighting, or inappropriate temperature, they have to endure it all. And the longer this happens, the worse their health becomes. First, the activity decreases, then the color fades, after which diseases begin. In the worst case, your charges may die, and all because the environmental conditions are not suitable.
That is why beginners are advised to turn to specialists for help, at least at first. Specialists will regularly visit your home or office, bring food, check the water, change it, test equipment, clean glass, and carry out “diagnostics” of the health status of the inhabitants. And you can watch the actions of professionals and learn. The knowledge and skills that you get by communicating with specialists and following their actions are simply invaluable. Dozens of books and hundreds of articles will not replace them.
Tip number 3. Take care of your aquarium in small “portions”.
This can be compared to cleaning an apartment: if you do it once a month, you will have to sweat a lot to remove all the garbage, dirt, and dust in one go. And it is psychologically difficult to do such a volume of work. With the aquarium it is even more difficult: all the pollution does not disappear anywhere, it remains in the water. And they don’t just lie like dirty laundry in the basket. Fish, swarming in the ground, pick up particles of pollution and literally “breathe” them. Of course, this affects their health. Needless to say about ammonia, which is fatal to almost all inhabitants.
The only way to provide the fish with optimal living conditions and not overload yourself with difficult work is to carry out maintenance more often but in small “portions”. This is not only easier for you, but also healthier for your fish. At least because during a long and complex “spring cleaning” their living conditions change significantly, and this is always great stress.
Tip number 4. Clean the filter correctly.
Yes, you can take and wash it with soap and running water, but this is not the best solution. At least because it is impossible to completely wash the detergents from the filter, and your fish will have to “enjoy” the cocktail of chemicals that manufacturers produce under the guise of baby soap.
In addition, such cleaning leads to a violation of the biobalance, since those beneficial bacteria that contribute to the decomposition of ammonia simply die. And their place is taken by pathogens, which, in conditions of excess heat, good lighting, and the presence of nutrients (a typical aquarium), will multiply very quickly.
Tip number 5. Don’t overfeed the inhabitants.
Fish, shrimp, and shellfish do not have a sense of fullness per se. They eat exactly as long as there is food. And if it is in excess, health problems cannot be avoided. In addition, overfeeding leads to the fact that food particles settle to the bottom, and over time, pathogens multiply on them.
If you have settled only a few fish of the same species in a small jar, everything is simple here: follow the recommendations without exceeding the indicated values of the amount of food per day. But if there are many inhabitants, but little experience, then it is better not to risk it. In this case, it is better to contact a reliable aquarium maintenance company, whose employees will help you not only buy food and calculate its amount but also bring it directly to your home or office. Of course, in addition to this, the quality of the water will be checked, it will be changed, and the equipment will be tested. In addition to this, specialists will carefully study the habits and appearance of the inhabitants of fish to determine if they are sick.
Having an aquarium is an exciting hobby that brings great pleasure. But if you have just started on this path and you do not have enough experience – try, at least, to follow the recommendations of specialists, and then you will be able to avoid many mistakes.